The central theme of this essay is to
describe an integrative approach to counselling of which I have chosen; The Egan
‘Skilled Helper’ Model. Which has three stages. First, clients are helped to
explore their stories. Secondly the client identifies their ‘preferred picture’
inclusive of goals/objectives and finally is the development and implementation
of strategies for progressing from the present to preferred scenario. Substages
are incorporated within each stage. Egan identifies the skills needed to facilitate
this process as well as the client’s tasks. I will also discuss the potential
advantages/disadvantages for an integrative approach to counselling.
Theoretical integration is the formation of
a new approach to therapy, which derives from methods/concepts from current approaches.
Whereas an eclectic approach is one whereby the therapist selects the most
suitable techniques from a variety of theories/models. The idea here is that
its tailored to the individual needs of the client, with the therapist dipping
in and out of varied techniques/models:
“An eclectic counsellor
will employ a range of different theories, methods and practices, according to
a client’s needs. This is based on the theory that there is no proof that any
one theoretical approach works better than all others for a specific problem.” (Psychotherapy, 2018)
Egan (2009) formed
the ‘Skilled Helper’ Model. Egan integrated problem management into the model
and suggested those who require assistance from counsellors are having
difficulties managing issues in their lives. The main task of the Helper is to
aid the Client in finding appropriate solutions to these issues. This
integrative approach is utilised widely within counselling combining The
Cognitive Behavioural/Humanistic approaches. It looks at action planning which
is utilised within CBT to solve problems while emphasising the importance of
the use of the core conditions, immediacy and empathy, which are key ideas of
the Humanistic approach.
model can be helpful when helping clients to overcome issues, as well as form
opportunities. The aim of Egan’s model is to assist clients in coping with
‘to manage their problems in living more
effectively and develop unused opportunities more fully’, (Egan., ‘The
Skilled Helper’, 1998, p7-8).
This model seeks
to empower clients because the client’s own agenda is dominant with the model
striving to help the client proceed towards action leading outcomes, which are
valued and chosen by them.
isn’t focused on a particular theory, it is a framework for conceptualising the helping process,
which is best utilised in exploring issues within the recent past/present.
aims to help the client answer three questions;
‘what’s going on?’
‘what do I want instead?’
‘How might I get what I want?’
will answer all of the above questions, also it may be that clients may want to
move back into questions answered previously. I will write about the model in
order, although Counsellor’s will work with the speaker in any of the stages
moving backward and forth where appropriate.