The course has also help me to recognise the

The decisions we
make big or small will ultimately decide the future events of our lives. This
is what the butterfly effect concept also states, “small causes can have larger
effects”. Small decisions eventually will cause a large effect in what the
future holds. As a potential graduating high school student this year, there is
still knowledge I lack and try to comprehend about the land and understandings
of it. Ultimately, I took the Ace program for the bursary it would provide me
and nothing else but some of the articles and teaching learn in class has added
more knowledge for me to comprehend and has left me speechless sometimes. Every
human being should be entitled to the benefit of society and freedom, but the
Indigenous People have their own rights and declarations written down in paper
(UNDRIP). For example, everyone In Canada is subject to the law and charter of
rights and freedom but here are the Indigenous People subject to a different
legislation The United Nations
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People (UNDRIP). This course has
also help me to recognise the significance and First peoples before us that took
care of the land. The knowledge that I’ve learn in this course and still trying
to comprehend will forever be with me in respecting and understanding each
other uniqueness in the community. Therefore, this course has provided me
knowledge I can still further learn and understand and share among each other
in society, the violence, treaties that have affected others outside the
community and especially the Indigenous People. It will forever resonate with
my life and how I apply it to the things of the present life and of the future,
where I go to university to further expand my learning.

discussions throughout the class, has help me to know some of my classmates
through their share of experience and that each one of us Individuals have
grown up in various parts of the world, distinct cultures and beliefs. I learn
many things such as the subjecting of Indigenous throughout history and four
direction teachings throughout the course knowledge wise but also, I have
learned to appreciate the peaceful yet exhilarating moment when my mind and
body engages and focuses on the surroundings of land in nature. It has
challenged my own understanding of spirituality, identity, creation stories and
of the land which is different from Indigenous People. I do not condemn or
disapprove Indigenous people for their spirituality, and culture, even thought
I have question it, because it is different from my own, but it is great that
we are open to this knowledge since it can be integrated to our own lives.

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have thought residential school was possibly the worst thing done to the
Indigenous but that presentation on the article “Wild Indians: Native
Perspectives on the Hiawatha Asylum” written by Pemina Yellow Bird, have shown
me other wise. This specific reading provided the reader with insight on what
was happening in the Hiawatha Asylum during the time of its operation. The
experiments, living conditions and isolation of the outside world, can just
begin to describe the horror and terror the patients felt inside the asylum. These
types of events are hidden and secluded in society when awareness of this
should spread throughout society and community. The Hiawatha ground and graves
of the people have been affected are among a golf site and on numerous
occasions we have gone over cases where holy grounds are transformed into
fairways because of the hell of it. The golf course is seen more significant to
society than the burial ground there which is usually secluded to society.

            Throughout the course of my life, I
have always let opinions and biases of other people in my community affect my
way of thinking and perceiving things. In my mind I have always called
Indigenous People Indians because it was the first thing I heard about them and
it was stuck in my mind until someone corrected me. I always thought “Ignorance
was Bliss” but that is wrong because, if one is unaware of the things happening
and simply ignoring, it will eventually come to notice, and they won’t know how
to take it in since they have always secluded the thought from their mind. I
have learned more from this course than one course throughout one semester in
high school as the topics discussed is taken more seriously and ideas are
express by people of diverse backgrounds and cultures in the class.

            Comparing my opinions with my peers,
my understanding and stance of Indigenous issues have changed as well. Before
taking this class, I did not really want to learn anything but the knowledge
open to me has added to my lack of understanding of the history and situations
of the native people in Canada. I was ignorant and unaware of the sufferings of
the world. I wanted to just avoid it, so it would not affect me in anyway, but
I had to learn it eventually. Instead of taking it hard or being like so what?
It helps to encourage me to act and spread this knowledge to our society. The
lack and gap of depth and information of knowledge left by the school system, I
cannot fill on my own properly even though with all the resources of
information. I personally think the high school or even elementary school
system should be doing a better job on educating students on aboriginal

            The society today and even the
government believe that just by compensating the Indigenous People with money
or extra land for them to heal is enough. We need to reconcile with them and
acknowledge their roles in society. Like Melanie said on her presentation on Violence on the Land Violence on Our Bodies
“True transformation will happen when all communities begin honoring both
the traditional and leadership roles of indigenous women and young people”. We
need to begin understanding our own roles in society and of the Indigenous
People and their culture to begin learning what we lack and need to and can do.

            This far throughout high school, I’m
already in my last year and I still do not know what path to take or do with my
life essentially. This course and the knowledge and material it provided me
will greatly help if I do go further in my education in the future. The
ceremony and practices of the Indigenous is a wonderful way to introduce native
culture. Personally, I did not take part in the ceremony or practices during
the trips in the course because I personally do not like it due to my own
beliefs, but it is still an effective way to introduce native culture and they
do not have to participate but can instead spectate if needed. We do not need
to force someone to participate upon the practices but simply teach about it
and its significance to the people.

            Having said all these things, there
is a need to start earlier in teaching Indigenous knowledge in today’s present
education system. We don’t need to force knowledge, culture and practices of
the natives upon students today and people of society but simply make them
aware of it. We live in a multicultural society, but most are ignorant and
unaware of other cultures and beliefs of others living in the community.  Education system should include more
contributions of aboriginal heritage and issues in history courses so student’s
as young as grade schoolers are aware of these things. The four-direction
teaching is a wonderful way of learning of the Indigenous and goes in depth of
each teachings. This should be taught in todays society as the Indigenous
People own beliefs and should not be force upon others but just to make know
aware to them.

            This course was a great educational
experience that gave me further insight and depth into first nations practices,
culture and beliefs. The many differences between Western and Eastern
society’s. Ultimately this course has provided me and open various knowledge
that I can add to my own comprehension. The events, violence, and treaties that
have affected people and of the Indigenous. It will forever be with me as I go
further in my life and will help me apply it, in certain instances where
Indigenous knowledge is involved. And in education as I go further to expand my