Introduction Safety and Health, occupational stress is defined as

 

Introduction

Occupational stress or job stress is one of the major
factor causing physiological, psychological and behavioural effects on
employees at workplace and in turn severely effecting the employee performance.
In the recent past several studies reported the ill effects of occupational
stress like diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery diseases, musculoskeletal
disorders. The occupational stress has been great concern to employees and
stakeholders of the organizations because the job stress has been linked to low
productivity, absenteeism, behavioural changes, employee dissatisfaction and
health problems. The International Labour Organization Reports that the effect
of occupational stress roughly costs up to 10 percent of a country’s gross
national product (Midgley, 1996). The technological changes, redesign of jobs
and advent of scientific management principles led to the simplification and
fragmentation of jobs into highly repetitive and routine tasks (Rosenstock et
al. 2005).

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According to the National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health, occupational stress is defined as the stress that occurs
when the needs of job is not aligned with the employee’s abilities, available
resources, and expectation of the employer and causing physical and emotional
responses (NIOSH, 2014). Stress is man’s adaptive reaction to an outward
situation which would lead to physical, mental and behavioural changes. The
environment, social stressors, physiological and thoughts are the four basic sources
a personal can experience the stress (Matthews 2001). Levi (1998) studied the
influence of psychological stressors influence on health through emotional,
cognitive, behaviour and psychological factors. The workload, lack of job
control, job insecurity, inadequate social support, extended working hours and
lack of rewards also cause occupational stress and effect the performance
(Loosemore and Waters, 2004, Prasad et al. 2015, 2016, 2017). Burton et al.
2006 reported that risk factors of occupational stress include smoking,
hypertension, obesity, and job type in his study with financial services
company. The long working hours, shift work, occupational stress lead to
unhealthy habits like smoking, alcohol abuse, and disinterest in work and
effect the performance at work place (Uehata 1991).

 

The stress is not
escapable in modern life and the workplaces are becoming volatile stress
factories. Though stress harms human beings in several ways, however
appropriate amount stress can actually trigger one’s passion for work tap
his/her latent abilities and ignites inspiration, thus yields positive results.
Stress exists in every aspect of the life and employees from while collared
employees, workers, teachers, supermarket employees and professionals. As the stress
exists everywhere, we have conducted this study surveying agricultural research
sector employees in and around Hyderabad. The data was collected from the
employees of state agricultural universities, national agricultural research
centers, international agricultural research institutes, and agricultural seed
industries.