Harriet and a scout and spy for the U.S

Harriet Tubman – She was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and a scout and spy for the U.S Army during the American Civil War. Tubman escaped and made thirteen missions to rescue about seventy enslaved people, family and friends, using the network of antislavery activists with the Underground Railroad. She later helped abolitionist, John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry. Phillip Alexander Bell -Bell was a 1900th century American newspaper editor and abolitionist. He made his first public speech at the 1832 Colored Convention, and was active in a variety of issues, including abolition, suffrage, and the protection of fugitives.In 1860, he moved to San Francisco where he became co-editor of the African-American newspaper “The Pacific Appeal” and then the founder and editor of “The San Francisco Elevator” during the Reconstruction Era.Katherine “Kate” Brown – She was an employee in the United States Senate and a African American plaintiff.  She is known for disobeying  a railroad officer and sitting in a “white persons seat” which got her almost beaten to death. She sued the company and received 1,500 dollars and the case was then sent to Supreme court. After the case it was decided that “The Court held that white and black passengers must be treated with equality in the use of the railroad’s cars.”Frederick Douglass – Douglass was an African American social reformer and abolitionist. He became the national leader of the abolitionists Movement in Massachusetts and New York. He wrote several biographies about his experiences as slaves that became an influence and best seller. He was also the first African American nominated for Vice President. Robert Fox -Robert Fox was an African-American activist who sparked a civil rights battle in Louisville, Kentucky, in the 1870s by entering a segregated streetcar.Robert Fox and his companions taking a seat in the whites-only section have been viewed by historians as an early example of successful massive but non-violent African-American group of people to racial segregation laws. A method that would be used again in the Montgomery bus boycott and in the Civil Rights Movement.