During the 1910s, the film has developed into more expressivity. These
changes involved mainly in USA, Italy, and Scandinavia. Most of the filmmaker
that time trying to include expressivity and notions of clarity in their films.
Thompson (1995) explained that the term expressivity meaning that the film that
time achieved to the functions of cinematic devices which go not only beyond
presenting mere narrative information, but also it is not strictly necessary to
add some quality to the scene. These expressive devices usually included in
order to achieve results in deepen the spectator’s emotional involvement in the
action. Plus, this also made the spectator more alert as it increased suspense during
a chase, creating more deeper sympathy for a character in distress, which push
the spectator in that era into more than fascination (Thompson, 1995).
experiment continued as it involved in techniques including long takes, distant
framings, and the static camera. The filmmaker sometimes experimenting with
involvement of the character in film and the audience, for instance emphasizing
facial expression by having actors move toward the camera while staring into
the lens (Thompson, 1995).
in silent era, most of the actor express their expression through the gesture
and mime because of the movie sounds made the actor feeling insecure to
admitting their thoughts or speaks aloud their mind. The arising of the
soundtrack in cinema did shatter the dreams of the viewer and the performer. This
is because of the attention of the viewer is directed to the background music
make them distracted from the story and plot of the film. Although the sound
coming from the same scene and can be identified as part of the dialogue, but
the actual significnace of the utterances is not relevant (Valck, 2005). Michel
Chion called this as a form of submerged speech which only occasional distinct
phrases and sentences can be heard, creating a situation which is rendered
plausible by the distance of the sound source and the suggestion of
imperfection projection techniques. Plus, in silent era the creativity among
the performer ususally by using the incoherent sound that make no sense with
the scenes to create comical effects among the audience (Valck, 2005).