An be carbonated while the others are not. Red

An
energy drink is a beverage that claims to increase the drinker’s energy. Some
of them may be carbonated while the others are not. Red bull and shark are the
most popular drinks in our country, Myanmar. The chemical components of energy
drinks are caffeine, B vitamins, various forms of sugar, and small amounts of guarana,
ginseng, ginkgo biloba extract, taurine, glucuronolactone and L-carnitine. The
major component, caffeine stimulates the brain to keep us alert, releasing
adrenaline, which then signals the liver to release stored glucose into the vessels,
thus, tricking our brain to believe that we have more energy than we really do.
Adrenaline raises our heart beats and dilates the eyes. Energy drinks can cause
insomnia interfering with the ability to perform tasks that need heavy
concentration. Diuretic effect will be triggered also causing dehydration,
anxiety, and irritability. Panic attacks and migraine headaches can also occur
from the caffeine withdrawal. Taurine, an amino acid, regulates skeletal muscle
contraction and may reduce the damage caused by the exercise. Normal people who
drink many energy drinks will have increased heart rates up to an hour later.
People with certain heart problems can undergo cardiac arrest after having too
many energy drinks. There is a study which shows the connection between energy
drinks and cardiac problems. Another component, glucuronolactone claims to
favor natural defense mechanism of the body but there is no sufficient research
to prove whether this compound is effective in increasing energy. B vitamins
are used as coenzymes for proper cell functions. They are needed to transform those
large amounts of sugar from energy drinks into energy. Guarana is a tropical
fruit rich in caffeine and it is used to increase energy. However, since
guarana contains caffeine adding it will increase the overall amount of
caffeine in the energy drinks. Ginseng is also added in some energy drinks due
to the growing popularity of its effects in certain health tonics but the
amount of ginseng in the energy drinks is barely noticeable. Ginkgo biloba
extract has been said to possess antioxidant properties. However, no detailed
research has shown that it has an important effect of increasing energy. L-Carnitine,
a compound made in the liver and kidneys, increases fat metabolism, oxygen
consumption and also affects recovery from exercise injury. Sugars are the
basic source of energy in the body, with glucose being the main carbohydrate
that can easily be oxidized for energy synthesis. However, exposing too much
excess sugar to the body can lead to insulin insufficiency and obesity. If this
continues, the cells will become unable to secrete sufficient amount of insulin
to maintain normal blood glucose levels. Eventually, pancreatic cells producing
insulin will deteriorate leading to type 2 diabetes. Drinking too much energy drinks
can result in liver or nerve injury, various cardiovascular problems, seizures
and ultimately death. If pregnant woman excessively consumes these drinks, it
can lead to many defects in unborn child and even results in stillborn. While
energy drinks may provide short and rapid effects, they are not actually good
for our body in the long run.